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Eczema cream: Use this cream for treatment of eczema if topical steroids fail

Eczema is a common skin condition causing the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked.

There’s no cure for eczema, but symptoms can be improved with treatment.

The main treatment for the skin condition is the application of creams, which can soothe symptoms and protect the skin.

The types of cream usually first recommended by health professionals for people with eczema include emollients and topical steroids.

Emollients moisturise and hydrate the skin to prevent dryness. They do this by covering the skin with a protective film to lock in moisture.

Topical steroids are medications applied to the skin to reduce inflammation and irritation.

Topical steroids are available in different strengths, with the mildest available over the counter, while stronger ones must be prescribed by a doctor.

If emollients and mild topical steroids don’t seem to help improve eczema, your doctor may increase the strength of the topical steroids prescribed to you.

However, some people with eczema may find even the strongest topical steroids aren’t doing much to relieve symptoms.

In those cases, topical calcineurin inhibitors may be prescribed instead.

Calcineurin inhibitors are agents that work with the immune system to reduce skin inflammation.

They do this by blocking a chemical called calneurin, which activates inflammation in the skin and causes redness and itching.

They can be prescribed to patients whose eczema isn’t responding to topical steroids.

They can also be prescribed to people whose eczema is in areas that are more susceptible to the side effects of steroids, such as the face, eyelids, armpits and groin.

There are two types of calcineurin inhibitors – tacrolimus ointment and pimecrolimus cream – both of which are applied to the skin topically.

According to the British Association of Dermatologists, calcineurin inhibitors will not cure eczema, but may control inflammation and help settle flares.

Topical application during a flare-up is usually twice daily, with some improvement normally seen within one week.

If no eczema is present, calcineurin inhibitors can be applied twice weekly to help prevent flare-ups from occuring.

“If you have eczema that is tending to flare frequently other treatments may be recommended,” said the British Association of Dermatologists.

“Your doctor or dermatologist will be able to discuss the options with you.”

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